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Japanese Grammar Bank | Dates in Japanese
In this article we discuss the Dates in Japanese, including days, months, and years! It’s an important to be able to talk about dates, so get this page bookmarked and use it for your revision!
Using dates – including years, months, and days – will allow you to talk about your past activities and plans much more precisely!
Whenever setting a meeting or even while having a daily conversation, using these numbers is essential. So, let’s get you started.
In this post, we’ll introduce you to the days, months, and years necessary for dates, plus the days of the week and relative time periods!
Get ready to learn!
Japanese Calendar | First 10 Days of the Month in Japanese
There are special readings from the 1st to 10th days.
These readings you will have to remember simply by practicing. There isn’t a magic formula for this unfortunately. Let’s get practicing and maybe pop some flashcards up around your home?
|Day of the Month||Kanji||Hiragana||Romanization|
Pay special attention to the difference between the 4th and the 8th. The 4th is read as よっか (yokka), whereas the 8th is read as ようか (youka).
It becomes simple after the 10th. You just have to combine numbers that we have learnt while learning numbers with the kanji for day i.e., 日（にち）.
The 20th is read as はつか (hatsuka).
For the days ended in four i.e., 14th and 24th, you will have to read them as じゅうよっか (juuyokka) and にじゅうよっか (nijuuyokka) respectively.
Japanese Calendar | What are the Days of the Week?
Now let’s learn days in a week.
Each day ends with the word 曜日 (youbi), which means “day of the week.”
So you have to only remember the first character to remember the day.
Let’s also teach you the meaning of each word as there is a special meaning behind each one.
- 月 (getsu) is the kanji representing moon, so Monday is the day of moon.
- 火 (ka) is the kanji representing fire, so Tuesday is the day of fire.
- 水 (sui) is the kanji representing water, so Wednesday is the day of water.
- 木 (moku) represents wood, so Thursday is the day of wood.
- 金 (kin) represents gold, so Friday is the day of gold.
- 土 (do) represents earth, so Saturday is the day of earth.
- 日 (nichi) represents sun, so Sunday is the day of sun.
In Japan, you will most likely see that only the first character is used to represent the days of the week.
For example, in newspapers or the business hours of shops, the Japanese usually use (月), (火), (水), (木), (金), (土) and (日).
Japanese Calendar | What are the Months in Japanese?
In Japanese, months of the year are also quite straight forward.
The month 月 here is read as gatsu (not getsu) when it is used for months of the year.
Simply add the Japanese numbers of 1 to 12 in front of 月 to form the months from January to December respectively.
BE CAREFUL | The pronunciations for April, July and September are a bit different!
While normally yon (4), nana (7) and kyuu (9) are used in Japanese numbers, shi (4), shichi (7) and ku (9) are used when reading these 3 months.
Don’t make these common mistakes!!
Japanese Calendar | How to Say the Years in Japanese?
For years in Japanese, you just have to add 年 which is a kanji for year pronounces as nen in front of the number.
So, 2022 will be 二千二十二年（にせんにじゅうにねん）i.e., ni-sen-ni-jyuu-ni-nen.
And 1999 will be 千九百九十九年（せんきゅうひゃくきゅうじゅうきゅうねん） i.e., sen-kyuu-hyaku-kyuu-jyuu-kyuu-nen.
Isn’t that a little difficult to pronounce? Don’t worry, it is very common to use numbers instead of kanji for years in Japanese.
Japanese Calendar | Relative Time Periods
Although mostly specific words are used, in conversations you might need to use some relative words. So here is a list we have prepared specially for you!
|一昨日||おととい||ototoi||The day before yesterday|
|明後日||あさって||asatte||The day after tomorrow|
|先々週||せんせんしゅう||sensenshuu||The week before last week|
|再来週||さらいしゅう||saraishuu||The week after next week|
|先々月||せんせんげつ||sensengetsu||The month before last month|
|再来月||さらいげつ||saraigetsu||The month after next month|
|一昨年||おととし||ototoshi||The year before last year|
|再来年||さらいねん||sarainen||The year after next year|
This was an overview of the Japanese calendar including dates, days and months. It can feel like a lot of information to remember at first, but practice makes perfect!
You’ll certainly encounter dates regularly along your learning journey, so make sure to come back to this lesson any time you have a doubt on how to say the days, months, years, or relative time periods.
Here are a few more important lessons to nail down:
If you’d ever fancy some Japanese classes, don’t forget about our Flexi Classes!
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Why learn about dates in Japanese?
You’ll be able to talk about appointments, future plans, and more in daily conversation!
They’re an essential skill in any language.
How do you say the 20th day of the month in Japanese?
How do you say a year in Japanese?
You say the number and add 年（ねん・nen).
What are the days of the week in Japanese?
Monday – 月曜日 (getsuyoubi)
Tuesday – 火曜日 (kayoubi)
Wednesday – 水曜日 (suiyoubi)
Thursday – 木曜日 (mokuyoubi)
Friday – 金曜日 (kinyoubi)
Saturday – 土曜日 (doyoubi)
Sunday – 日曜日 (nichiyoubi)
How do you say April in Japanese?
What is next year in Japanese?